On-the-Job Training

Would you like to learn a trade, develop your skills and become qualified on-the-job? Depending on which trade you choose, several different approaches are available.

Workplace Apprenticeship Program

The Workplace Apprenticeship Program is the most common of these approaches. The program is designed for voluntary-qualification trades, i.e., trades that are not subject to a specific government regulation.

The program is based on the journeyperson system. Journeypersons are experienced workers who pass their know-how and skills on to apprentices, i.e., co-workers who have yet to acquire or have only limited skills in the trade they hope to practise.

The skills the apprentice needs to master are specified in an apprenticeship booklet provided at the start of the training. Details about the apprentice's progress are recorded in the same booklet.

Other on-the-job training strategies

The Workplace Apprenticeship Program is not adapted to all work contexts. Other approaches are therefore available:

  • online training
  • practical training workshops
  • mentoring
  • case studies
  • simulation exercises

Who is targeted by the program?

To participate in the Workplace Apprenticeship Program, you must:

  • be at least 16 years of age
  • be employed in Québec in one of the trades for which the program is offered

Program advantages

Advantages for employers

  • Profit from pre-structured training based on their company's needs and the real-life practice of the targeted trades
  • Become more competitive by increasing employees' productivity
  • Tap into experienced employees' know-how and skills
  • Greater employee versatility and qualification
  • Enhance their credibility and reputation in their sector of activity, retain personnel and train a new generation of workers
  • Potentially obtain significant tax credits

Advantages for apprentices

  • Acquire high-quality training while practising a trade
  • Raise their level of knowledge and competence
  • Promote their trade and their role in the company
  • Increase their versatility and chances for career advancement
  • Potentially obtain official recognition of their skills (certificate of qualification and attestation of competency)
  • Depending on the trade, become eligible for federal government grants (Apprenticeship Incentive Grant and Apprenticeship Completion Grant)

Advantages for journeypersons

  • Make good use of their know-how and play a decisive role in the workplace
  • Share their knowledge and proficiency regarding the tasks related to their trade
  • Play an active role in enhancing the skills of other employees
  • Enhance their credibility and reputation in their field of endeavour
  • Potentially obtain official recognition of their skills (certificate of qualification and attestation of competency)

Type of qualification obtained at the end of the training


For more information, contact your local employment centre (CLE).

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Questions & Answers

What are the employer's responsibilities?
  • The employer who agrees to provide the apprenticeship training is bound by an agreement with Emploi-Québec, which supports the employer's efforts.
  • The employer guarantees that its equipment, techniques, working conditions and hygiene, health and safety standards enable adequate mastery of the trade.
  • The employer ensures the availability of an employee who meets the apprenticeship journeyperson criteria.
What are the journeyperson's responsibilities?
  • The journeyperson has to take part in an information session held by Emploi-Québec.
  • He or she monitors the apprenticeship, using a guide that contains:
    • the elements of the skills to be evaluated
    • simulation exercises
    • tips and advice to help the apprentice master the trade, using the apprenticeship booklet
Who can be a journeyperson?

To be a journeyperson, a person must:

  • practise a trade targeted by the Workplace Apprenticeship Program (see the list of trades)
  • be experienced and hold a certificate of qualification in the trade in question (an exception may be made if none of the company employees have a certificate of qualification)
  • have the necessary motivation and skills to pass on his or her know-how
  • be able to communicate with apprentices, in order to support them and confirm that they have successfully completed their apprenticeship
How long does an apprenticeship last?

The length of the program depends on the following factors:

  • the chosen trade
  • the apprentice's pace of learning
  • the apprentice's experience in the trade


Certificate of vocational qualification

A certificate of vocational qualification issued by Emploi-Québec provides official recognition and confirms that you master the essential skills of your trade.

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Attestation of competency

An attestation of competency issued by Emploi-Québec specifies the skills that you master.

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Related publication

Guide du Cadre de développement et de reconnaissance des compétences de la main-d'œuvre (French only)